Friday, January 19, 2007

a little history...

Today, the Philippines is centered toward Manila and people from Manila or Manilenos as we refer to them, act as if they are what makes the Philippines great. Because of this attitude, I see some Kapampangans who would say they are from Manila and would speak Tagalog...a denial of their culture and their ancestors thinking they are second to Manilenos. This, I think, is pretty sad. We Kapampangans should be proud of who we are and speak our language proudly and not be ashame of it. It is, after all, the Kapampangans who made the Philippines known to the outside world, with their bravery, products, beautiful women, delicious food, and more.

From my readings, I learned that Kapampangans were descendants of Malayan pioneers from the Malay Peninsula. In 1571, the Spaniards organized Pampanga as a province in order to meet their needs. Pampanga, which is about 850 square miles in area and presently inhabited by more than 1.5 million people, had its present borders drawn in 1873. During the Spanish occupation, it was considered one of the richest provinces in the Philippines. It was also very interesting to find out that most of the pioneers originated from Pampanga to include, education, movie industries, farming, and other things that made the Philippines what it is today.

Angeles City, the place I call home, was used as the outpost called Culiat of the town of San Fernando in 1796. It was Don Angel Pantaleon de Miranda who took the initiative to clear the wooded area and cultivated it for rice and sugar. An old U.S. military base known as Clark Air Base, was then the major industrial and commercial center lead by General Brigadier Romeo Soliman David of San Fernando. It was here where the first hotels, restaurants, and recreation centers, as well as schools were first established.

Manila was not always the capital of the Philippines. During the British occupation of Manila in 1762-63, Bacolor was the capital of the Philippines for almost three hundred years. It was also in Bacolor where the oldest Philippine trade school was established by the Spaniards.

Lubao is where most well-known movie industry personalities originated from. Numerous directors, producers, writers and cinematographers, such as Rogelio and Jaime de la Rosa, Rudy Fernandez, Letty Alonzo, and many others.

Pampanga is also the home of the brave. Macabebe is know for its soldiers under Rajah Soliman. The vast majority of the soldiers who served in the United States Army are largely from Masantol area. General Maximino Hizon and General Rafael Maniago from Masicu (now known as Mexico) lead the modern Philippine Army. Finally, it was the Kapampangans who established democracy in the Philippines. Starting with former President Diosdado Macapagal, who preserved democracy in the country; Jose Abad Santos, who toppled dictatorship; Senator Benigno Aquino, who was murdered by a dictator while trying to re-establish democracy in the country; and thousand others who died during the Philippine revolution.

Kapampangans are not only brave and creative, they are also artistic. San Fernando, for example, is known today as the "Philippine Christmas Village," because of their beautiful lanterns. Another example is Macabebe and their textiles. Beautiful textiles comes from this region of Pampanga. Finally, Santo Tomas is known for its pottery industry.

Kapampangans are also well-known for their cuisine. Their Malayan origination combined with the Spanish and American influence makes the Kapampangan cuisine among the best in the Philippines.

1 comment:

Dolores Salman said...

Thank you for this. I am kapampangan too (American born) but always interested in learning more about our history in the region. Just returned from PI. Clark and Angeles have really changed in the past 10 years!